October 29, 2010
Probably you have read Seven's article "Michael Jackson:
King of Academic Literature and Scholarly Study" and to
add his legacy on this, I found several article and journals-related...
Yes, Michael's song entering the mental health education :)
As we, MJFam, listen to his songs are likely as self-healing
process for us. Did you know that his songs are also used for
music therapy in several researches, and... as a reference for
a music therapy book? From what I read, I learnt that the one
that are used more often is "Man in the Mirror" song....
What is Music Therapy?
Music therapy is the use of music and/or musical elements (sound,
rhythm, melody and harmony) by a qualified music therapist,
with a client or group, in a process designed to facilitate
and promote communication, relationships, learning, mobilization,
expression, organization, and other relevant therapeutic objectives,
in order to meet physical, emotional, mental, social and cognitive
needs. Music therapy aims to develop potentials and/or restore
functions of the individual so that he or she can achieve better
intra- and interpersonal integration and consequently a better
quality of life through prevention, rehabilitation or treatment.
(World Federation of Music Therapy, 1997)
And here are articles and journals that used
Michael's song for their reference as music therapy:
- Music therapist brings comfort to breast cancer patients
Along with the chemotherapy and radiation came Paige Robbins
strumming her guitar and singing Ill Fly
Away, Sound of Silence or "Man in the
The idea was to use music to brighten the lives of women undergoing
breast cancer treatment.
And for many patients, it worked.
- The Effect of Music Therapy Techniques in a Coping Skills
Group for Individuals with a Dual Diagnosis of Mental Illness
and Substance Dependence
He used the song "Man in the Mirror"
as one of his list as a treatment to see the effect of using
music for individuals who deal with issues involving mental
health and substance dependency in music therapy techniques
with the result:
"When comparing the use of music therapy techniques of
song selection and lyric
analysis to a more traditional, non-music approach, in a coping
skills grolving mental health and substance dependency, participant
attendance was shown to be considerably higher during the music
condition compared to non-music. Survey results also corroborated
the findings that participants felt the issues surrounding chemical
dependence were dealt with more effectively during music-condition
sessions than during the non-music sessions."
"An especially interesting point to consider is the fact
that the participants found using the song selection technique
to be more effective when dealing with issues of chemical dependence
than the passage selection, which is geared specifically
towards those issues. Most of the song choices available did
not refer specifically to drugs or alcohol, but rather to larger
themes such as hope, acceptance, change, and struggles. The
participants were very proficient at interpreting a songs
lyrics and applying it to their own life, making it personal
to their own difficulties with addiction and dependence."
- Three Mens Experience of Their Journey To and Through
Divorce: The Unheard Songs - dissertation
The following songs were attached to the themes that emerged from
the written testimonials of the participants and were identified
as similar experiences that the participants shared on their journey
to and through divorce: And then I kissed her...,
From this moment, live has begun... , O-bla-di-o-bla-da,
live goes one..., Ill be watching you
Thunder Struck!!!, Goodbye My lover, Goodbye
my friend... , Since Youve Been Gone...,
...and its Hope that makes you carry on...,
The "Man in the Mirror",
'Dont Worry Be happy Now...
Michael Jacksons song "Man
in the Mirror"carries a message that all
your experiences and journeys in life will be reflected in yourself,
and if you are unhappy with anything in your life you need to
start by changing within yourself. I also asked the
participants how they felt while writing their stories. Of great
interest to the researcher was the fact that two of the participants
spontaneously included in their stories these feelings while
writing their narratives, which indicated that while they were
writing, they were consciously thinking about the events and
what they viewed as important and significant to them.
- The Effect of Music Therapy and Psychoeducation Versus Psychoeducation
for Mainstreaming Mental Health Patients into Society
He compared the experimental group and control group, where
the experimental group received psychoeducation with music therapy
and the control group received psychoeducation only. The music
he used is the song and lyrics of "Man
in the Mirror".
The design of this study was experimental and control groups
with pre/posttest. And, as the result, the subjects in the experimental
group rated their sessions much higher than did the control
group as a direct result of the music because
the material between all sessions was identical. The effect
of subjects' higher ranking of music therapy sessions could
be attributed to the diverse use and effectiveness of music
therapy techniques at achieving common rehabilitative goals.
- Music therapy methods in neurorehabilitation: a clinician's
manual (2006, by Felicity Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Jeanette
Kennelly. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.)
In this book, "Man in the Mirror"
is categorized as "Active Change" on
the list of songs that they found useful to simulate self-reflection
and self-exploration in patients.
"'Man in the Mirror' is a great
message. I love that song.
If John Lennon was alive, he could really relate to that song
because it says that if you want to make the world a better place,
you have to work on yourself and change first.
It's the same thing Kennedy was talking about when he said, "Ask
not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for
your country." If you want to make the world a better place,
take a look at yourself and make a change.
Start with the man in the mirror. Start with yourself.
Don't be looking at all the other things. Start with YOU."
~ Michael Jackson ~
Let's interpret the meanings of "Man
in the Mirror" song itself...
A paper, published on 2008 by Dutch researchers in The Journal
for Experimental Social Psychology. The authors attempted to investigate
how looking into a mirror (and thus increasing self-awareness)
would effect our tendency to stereotype others.
The results showed that the mirror made a big difference for
those people who already measured high in prejudice. Participants
who made judgments without a mirror were significantly more
likely to label as irresponsible. Those who completed
the study while occasionally seeing their own reflection were
more likely to perceive as easygoing. In essence,
seeing themselves in a mirror made people high in prejudice
behave in the same manner as participants who showed low levels
The authors go on to speculate that looking at oneself in a
mirror forces us to consider how we are viewed by others. As
a result, seeing our reflection makes us more likely to conform
to social norms (you know, like not being racist). Michael came
face to face with the man in the mirror and realized he needed
to make a change, to become a more concerned and
compassionate person. Here at least, everyday people seem to
be no different than the King of Pop. source
"Few people remember that he
was Dr. Jackson, having received this Honorary Doctorate of Humane
Letters from Fisk University." source
And from that article, researches and book, I'm sure Michael
would be happy to know how he has contributed to the world through
education area.. :)
"An education opens a person's mind to the entire world,
and there is nothing more important than to make sure everyone
has the opportunity for an education."
~ Michael Jackson ~
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